История Aston Martin Virage Купе, эволюция и изменения

The Aston Martin Virage is an automobile produced by British luxury automobile manufacturer Aston Martin as a replacement for its V8 models. Introduced at the Birmingham Motor Show in 1988, it was joined by the high-performance Vantage in 1993, and then the name of the base model was changed to V8 Coupé in 1996.

The V8-powered model was intended as the company’s flagship model, with the 6-cylinder DB7, introduced in 1994, positioned below it as an entry-level model. Although the DB7 became available with a V12 engine and claimed a performance advantage, the Virage remained the exclusive, expensive and hand-built flagship of the Aston Martin range. It was replaced in 2000 with the Vanquish. By the end of the 2000 model year, 1,050 cars in total had been produced. The V8 Vantage name reappeared on a new entry-level model in 2005.

A new Virage model was introduced at the 2011 Geneva Motor Show, to fit into the middle of Aston Martin’s then current lineup but was discontinued in 2012 due to many similarities between the brand’s other models.

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Virage (1989—1995)

Новая модель Virage дебютировала на автосалоне в Бирмингеме 18 октября 1988 года. Имя автомобиля выбрал Виктор Гонтлетт (англ. Victor Gauntlett), глава компании в то время. Название Virage, по-французски «поворот», было созвучно устоявшимся уже именам моделей компании, таким как Volante и Vantage.

Внешний вид автомобиля был создан молодыми дизайнерами Джоном Хеффернан (John Heffernan) и Кеном Гринли (Ken Greenley), которые победили на объявленном компанией конкурсе. Модель была комфортабельнее и тише предыдущих, и была первым действительно новым автомобилем компании за почти 20 лет. Новый V-образный восьмицилиндровый двигатель был развитием проверенного 5,3-литрового мотора, но с новой головкой с четырьмя клапанами на цилиндр.

В марте 1992 года модель получила ещё более мощную 6,3-литровую версию двигателя. В это же время впервые на автомобиль Aston Martin стали предлагать антиблокировочную систему тормозов. Внешние изменения модели были минимальными: расширенные колёсные арки, увеличенная юбка под передним бампером и опционный задний спойлер.

Помимо стандартных автомобилей выпускались версии в особом исполнении (Works Package). Такие модели, вместе с 6,3-литровым двигателем имели специальные тормоза, колёса и настроенную подвеску. Помимо технических изменений у них был более агрессивный обвес: расширенные арки колёс, увеличенные воздухозаборники и юбки понизу порогов. Спортивный обвес был доступен для установки не только на новые, но и на ранее выпущенные автомобили.

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Virage/V8 Coupé and Works Service models

Aston Martin Virage engine bay

When compared to the preceding V8, the design was fresh and more modern. The Virage was more similar in design language to the Lagonda than the V8 it replaced. Indeed, the chassis was an evolution of the Lagonda’s, with a de Dion tube rear suspension, located by triangulated radius rods and a Watts linkage, and a double wishbone unit at the front. To cut costs, many of the less-important pieces came from other companies, as had been the case for Aston Martin automobiles of the past. The sleek headlights and taillights were sourced from the Audi 200 and the Volkswagen Scirocco respectively, while General Motors, Jaguar, and Ford provided the steering column, climate control panel, wing mirrors and dash switches. In fact, Ford had purchased Aston Martin and Jaguar shortly before the Virage debuted and it became the first model to be introduced under the new ownership.

The Virage was a large, heavy car in spite of its all-aluminium body, but the 32-valve 5.3 L (5,340 cc) V8 engine’s 494 N⋅m (364 lb⋅ft) torque elevated its performance to near sports car levels. «Acceleration just never seems to run out», claimed Sports Car International during a first test. They also praised the «eager and quicker revving» nature of the 330 hp (246 kW; 335 PS) engine with its Callaway-designed heads and Weber-Marelli fuel injection. «Nothing sounds quite like an Aston V8,» they concluded. The 1790 kg (3946 lb) car could attain a top-speed of 254 km/h (158 mph). The automatic variant could accelerate to 97 km/h (60 mph) from a standing start in about 6.5 seconds (7.4 seconds for the manual version). An engine power upgrade to upgrade to 350 hp (261 kW; 355 PS) was announced at the 1996 Geneva Motor Show. English actor Rowan Atkinson owned a Virage Coupé which featured on the front cover of Car May 1990. In the article he commented how the modern climate control system provided heating efficiency beyond the veteran Aston driver’s dreams and could not believe warm air would emanate from the footwell within 90 seconds of start up.

The five-speed ZF Friedrichshafen manual was fitted to about forty percent of the cars produced. The more popular automatic option was the Chrysler three-speed Torqueflite transmission. For the 1993 model year, the three-speed unit was replaced by a four-speed automatic unit. The six-speed manual from the Vantage also became optional at the end of the Virage’s production run.

Works Service

In January 1992, Aston Martin introduced a conversion service, upgrading the car into a Virage 6.3. As the name implies, the centerpiece of the conversion was a bored and stroked 6.3 L (6,347 cc) V8 derived from the AMR1 racing car. This engine has a power output of 500 hp (373 kW; 507 PS) at 6000 rpm and 480 lb·ft (651 N·m) of torque at 5800 rpm, allowing the car to attain a top speed of 282 km/h (175 mph).

Other changes included 362 mm (14 in) ventilated disc brakes, the largest used in a passenger car until the Bentley Continental GT, and 18 in (457 mm) wheels. Visually, the 6.3 had wide flared bumpers, low sills and air dams, and side air vents.

Virage Shooting Brake

A shooting brake (estate) version of the Virage was offered in limited numbers. It debuted at the March 1992 Geneva Motor Show. Unlike prior Aston Martin Shooting Brake models, however, the Virage was produced in-house by the company’s Works Service, with six believed to be constructed in total. The cars were priced at GB£165,000. The cars are believed to have retained Virage chassis numbers, except two that received chassis numbers of the type «DP/2099».

Lagonda Virage Saloon

The Lagonda Saloon is a long-wheelbase four-door Virage model that was built in very limited numbers to customer orders, reviving Aston Martin’s long-dormant second marque. Introduced in 1994, it was manufactured by Aston Martin Works Service with a 12-inch (30 cm) chassis extension, although two were ordered with an 18-inch (460 mm) extension. The name refers to the four-door Aston Martin Lagonda. The Lagonda Virage cost about GB£250,000 and only eight or nine are believed to have been produced, with some being conversions of regular Virages.

Lagonda Virage Shooting Brake

The five-door Lagonda Virage Shooting Brake debuted at the same time as the Lagonda Virage. It was made by Aston Martin Works Service in only one or two examples, and has been spotted bearing «Vacances» badging at the rear.

V8 Coupé

Aston Martin V8 Coupé

A less extreme V8 Coupé replaced the standard Virage from 1996 onwards having the updated styling inherited from the more powerful Vantage. Lacking the superchargers and the more aggressive body style of its sibling, the engine in the V8 Coupé has a power output of 350 hp (261 kW; 355 PS) and 369 lb·ft (500 N·m) of torque. In total, 101 examples of the V8 Coupé were built from 1996 through 2000.

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Virage Volante/V8 Volante

1993 Aston Martin Virage Volante Widebody, rear view

Aston Martin V8 Volante Long Wheelbase

The convertible version of the Virage, called the Virage Volante debuted at the 1990 Birmingham Motor Show as a strict two-seater, but a 2+2 version was shown at the 1991 Geneva Motor Show. Production examples, first appearing in 1992, were all to feature 2+2 seating. Sources state that either 224 or 233 examples had been produced when production ended in 1996. The last 11 examples already had the naturally aspirated 1995 version of the engine found in the later V8 and V8 LWB Volante models with the improved four-speed and overdrive Torqueflite automatic and a power output of 359 PS (264 kW; 354 hp), which may be part of why there is some disagreement to the production numbers.

1992 was also when Aston Martin introduced its 6.3-litre «Works Service» package, which included wider fenders to accommodate the larger OZ wheels and 14-inch disc brakes, additional vents, deeper sills, and other appearance modifications. This was immediately available on the Coupé as well as the Volante. Aston Martin soon introduced a strictly cosmetic version called the Wide Body featuring the regular 5.3-liter engine; this was mainly intended for the United States market as the 6.3 was not certified for sale there. 13 of these were built for the United States, whereas only seven regular Virage Volantes were delivered there. In contrast to the «all show, no go» Wide Body Volante, the Prince of Wales chose to equip his 1994 Volante with the standard bodywork coupled with the 456 bhp (340 kW; 462 PS) 6.3-litre engine and a manual transmission.

A new V8 Volante Long Wheelbase, with updated styling of the V8 Coupé was produced from 1997 to 2000 on a lengthened chassis. Only 63 units were built by the time production came to a halt.

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Virage Shooting Brake (1992—2000)

Универсалы (Shooting-brake) и раньше создавались на основе купе Aston Martin, но изготавливались они всегда сторонними фирмами. Показанный в марте 1992 года на Женевском автосалоне Virage Shooting Brake был первым таким автомобилем, произведённым самой компанией. Всего их было сделано восемь экземпляров.

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Vantage

As with many other Aston Martin models, a high-performance Vantage model of the Virage would later be introduced. First shown at Birmingham in September 1992, the Vantage was produced from 1993 through 2000 and, like many other Aston Vantage models would soon became the only variant available. The Virage name lasted just a few years, with its final descendants inheriting the simple and familiar V8 name.

The Vantage had new styling with only the roof, doors and wing mirrors shared with the Virage. The wing mirrors were later replaced in favour of newly styled wing mirrors exclusive to this model. The Vantage is wider, lower, used four round tail lights (later adopted for the base V8 Coupé), and featured new rear suspension and interior electronics. Like the 6.3, the Vantage used record-sized 362 mm (14 in) brake discs and 18 inch wheels.

The biggest change to the Vantage was inside the engine compartment. The 5.3 L (5,341 cc) V8 engine now used twin superchargers. Power output was now 558 PS (410 kW; 550 hp) (and homologated at 593 PS (436 kW; 585 hp)), and the torque was equally high at 555 lb·ft (745 N·m) at 4,000 rpm. Top speed was 300 km/h (186 mph), with acceleration to 97 km/h (60 mph) taking 4.6 seconds. Customers cars could be returned to Works Service starting in 1998 to be converted to V600 specifications, where the engine was upgraded to 608 PS (447 kW; 600 hp) at 6200 rpm and 600 lb⋅ft (813 N⋅m) of torque at 4400 rpm. The production version is often referred to as «V550» to set it apart from the later, more powerful, Works Service modified V600 conversions.

In 2000, Aston Martin’s Works Service unit also built nine bespoke Vantage Volante models (convertibles), one of which was built to long wheelbase specifications.

V8 Vantage Le Mans

The new European emission and safety regulations made Aston Martin decide to end production of the V8-Vantage line and the final model was called «V8 Vantage Le Mans». Honoring Aston Martin’s 1959 victory at the 24 Hours of Le Mans, the prototype of a limited run of 40 was presented in Geneva in 1999 on the 40th anniversary of the win.

All LeMans Vantags were sent back after delivery to have the engine modifications to deliver 612 PS (450 kW; 604 hp) and 820 N⋅m (605 lbf⋅ft) of torque, and were supported by a suspension reinforced with special Koni shock-absorbers and stiffer anti-roll bars. The bodywork featured a blanked-out front grille and modified side vents – replicating the side vents of the Le Mans winning DBR-1 – as well as a bigger front spoiler and rear skirt. The interior was reworked with a gigantic rev-counter, a special Titanium finish on some parts, and features such as heated windshield, parking radars, traction control, heated electric seats, and full Connolly leather upholstery with matching Wilton wool carpets. Wheels were the same Dymag magnesium units as seen on most V600s. Performance included a claimed top speed of 320 km/h (199 mph) and 0 to 100 km/h acceleration being achieved in 3.9 seconds. The keyholder was in sterling silver and a map from Newport-Pagnell to the legendary Le Mans track was provided in the delivery documents. Each car was made upon special commission and fitted with a number plate indicating also the name of the first owner.

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доступность в США

Virage не стал доступен в Соединенных Штатах до лета 1990 года и кабриолета Virage Volante стал бы доступен в 1992 году Shooting Brake версии и Virage Vantage не были официально выставлены на продажу в США наличия автомобиля закончился после того, как модель 1993 года год, из-за отсутствие подушки безопасности пассажира и неспособности удовлетворить регулирование выбросов парниковых газов.

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U.S. availability

The Virage would not become available in the United States until the summer of 1990 and the Virage Volante convertible became available later in 1992. Shooting Brake versions and the Virage Vantage were not officially offered for sale in the U.S. The car’s availability ended after the 1993 model year, due to the lack of passenger airbags and inability to meet emissions regulations.

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Вираж (2011-2012)

Virage
обзор
производство 2011-2012
Кузов и шасси
Учебный класс Grand Tourer ( S )
Тип кузова 2-дверь 2 + 2 купе или кабриолет (Volante)
раскладка Передняя середина двигатель, задний привод
Платформа VH Generation II
связанные с
Силовой агрегат
двигатель 5,9 л V12
коробка передач 6-ступенчатая ZF 6HP26 (Touchtronic II) , автоматический
Размеры
колесная база 2,741 мм (107,9 дюйма)
длина 4,719 мм (185,8 дюйма)
ширина 1,905 мм (75,0 дюйма) (без зеркал)
Рост 1,280 мм (50,4 дюйма)
Снаряженная масса 1,740 кг (3836 фунтов)

В феврале 2011 года стало известно , что новое поколение Virage будет введена в 2011 году на Женевском автосалоне Астон Мартин. Вираж заглавный по технологии из DBS и объединяет его с комфортом и изысканностью , найденным в DB9 и Rapide . Virage был предназначен , чтобы сидеть в узкой щели между основным DB9 и флагманом DBS .

Вираж Volante (вид сзади)

Автомобиль имеет конфигурацию 2-местный или 2 + 2 креслами. ручной сборки 5,9-литровый двигатель V12 Вираж имеет выходную мощность 497 PS (366 кВт; 490 л.с.) и 570 Нм (420 lb⋅ft) крутящего момента. Она способна ускорение от 0 до 100 км / ч (62 миль в час) в 4,6 секунды, и имеет максимальную скорость 300 км / ч (186 миль в час). Virage был доступен в двух bodystyles: купе или кабриолет Volante ().

Aston Martin объявила о том, что второе поколение Virage будет прекращено после 18 месяцев производства, так как различия между ним, DB9 и DBS были просто слишком малы.

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